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ACLLAWASI

(HOUSE OF THE SUN VIRGINS)


This is the place that housed the chosen women. (Location: Loreto Street s/n. Visiting Hours: mass hour of the Convent of Santa Catalina).

During the Incan time, one of the most important buildings located on the main square of Cusco was the Aqllawasi (House of the Chosen Women or Sun Virgins). It was similar to an Andean monastery only for the noble women that were selected among the most beautiful ladies of the Quechua territory. They were devoted to the worship of the god Sun, to prepare its ceremonies, to knit the Inca's clothes and for different religious purposes.
 
 
Attractions Introduction
- Cusco Main
  Square

- Archiepiscopal
  Palace

- San Blas District
- Regocijo or
  Cabildo Square

- Acllawasi
- Hatun Rumiyoc -
  Inca Roca's
  Palace

- Qoricancha
Other Attractions
They also prepared the "Sanqhu" (ceremonial bread) and the "Aqha" or sacred "chicha" (corn beer). Besides, these women kept their virginity forever, inside the monastery and during the whole year of the Sacred Fire produced in the Inti Raymi.

The virgins that lived in the Aqllawasi had two categories: the daughters of Quechuas with noble blood, considered as the wives of the Sun; and the daughters of the high state, who were the daughters of privileged nobles that were considered the Inca's wives. All of them were educated by the "Mamakuna", who were priestess with skills regarding domestic and ceremonial matters. No men could see them, not even the Inca; just the "Qoya" (main wife of the Inca). According to the law, whether a man had intimate relations with a chosen woman, he and his family and close persons were eliminated as well as his cattle and his town for having fed and housed such a bad son. Garcilso states that this rule was the law, but it never was applied, because nobody violated it.

The aqllawasi were located in the place that is currently occupied by the Church and the Monastery of the Dominican Nuns of Santa Catalina and many other private buildings near it.

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