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INCAN SOCIETY

TAHUANTINSUYO


The Incan society was characterized by well-defined hierarchies that positioned the absolutist power of the Inca at the top; followed by the nobility also known as orejones, a title that was assigned to them by the Spaniards due to their lobe deformation, which resulted from bearing heavy ornaments that distinguished them from the others.

Next in the social scale of the Empire we could find the runas or mitimaes, who were considered as vulgar people. They constituted most of the Empire population and they carried out the mandatory tasks at mitas. Finally, there were the Yanaconas or Yanakunas, who were the house servants.
 
 
Historical Information Introduction
History of Cusco
Tahuantinsuyo
  - Incan Society
  - Background:
      * The Conquest
      * The Rebellion
        of Manco Inca

      * The XVIII
        Century
Incan Architecture
      * Stone
      * Adobe
Planification
Inca City Description
The Incan Center
We know that the Inca town was strictly a conqueror. As a result from said conquests they gathered a great number of towns that had their own rites and traditions. Therefore, they used several mechanisms to conciliate the cultural disparity: the Runa Simi or Quechua, was the official language set along the territory so as to counteract this problem. Besides, they established an organization based on moral principles of obedience and permanent persecution of crimes. Nowadays, those principles are known as the basic Tawantinsuyo laws: Ama Sua (do not be a thief), Ama Llulla (do not be a liar), and Ama Kella (do not be lazy).

No one can deny the amazing Inca organization, not only because of the huge territory management but also due to the success of the paternal behavior of the Incan nobility. Despite having a monarchical Government, that had a negative background in Europe and the rest of the world, the empire population did not go hungry nor suffered any deprivations.

Currently, this social balance is analyzed from several theory scopes: a slavery system based on the nobility study, and a social-imperialist system studied taking the runas as a basis. Josť Tamayo, a modern researcher, included the Incan organization within the "Theory of Reciprocity and Redistribution, and the vertical authority of ecologic phases in the Southern Mountain Regions and Coast of Peru".

Due to the aforementioned, the Tawantinsuyo deserves a special title among societies with a greater development, which considers both its productive and artistic activities and its social and political planning.


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