CUSCO - PERU
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ENJOY PERU S.A.
Main Headquarters
Schell 343 - Of. 607
Miraflores - Lima 18
PERU
Tel: +51 1 445-2550
       +51 1 445-1133
Fax: 1-646-519-2431

TOLL FREE numbers:
SPAIN: 800-007-222
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UK: 0-800-097-1749

http://www.enjoyperu.com



For further assistance, please call our TOLL FREE number:
1-888-223-6772



GENERAL INFORMATION


Kind and hospitable, the city of Cusco is the capital of the department with the same name, and a cosmopolite city that is oriented to tourism.
It was the capital of the Tahuantinsuyo Empire, a sacred city and the government center of the four wide regions making up the splendid Incan Empire, which ended up comprising a great part of the current territories of Ecuador, Colombia, Peru, Argentina and Chile. It holds the titles of: "Archaeological Capital of America", "Cultural Heritage of the Humanity" besides being the "Historical Capital of Peru".
 
 
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According to some chroniclers, during its first centuries it was known as Akamama, which means "Mother of Chicha" (chicha = a type of fermented corn beer). Once it became the capital of the Tahuantinsuyo, it was called Cusco, a name that derives from the Quechua word Qosqo, which in Spanish means "navel" or "center". It was Inca Garcilazo de la Vega who defined it as the "Center or navel of the world".

After the Spanish invasion, in 1533, the name turned into Cuzco, a contemptuous word that meant "hypocrite", "hunchbacked" and "small dog". This constituted an attempt to minimize or satirize the city's significance.

However, at the end of the XX Century, an important social movement struggled so this old city could maintain its original name, and on June 20th 1990, Qosqo was declared the official name.

Cusco is a territory of encounters that served as a support for the development of certain cultures that are as important as the Incan culture itself. However, it is also a sort of geographical hinge, a gate among the mountains, the Amazonian jungle and the large Andean high plateau, which explains its ecologic diversity and the backgrounds' contrast. Its great mountains are mixed with high tablelands, undulating pampas, deep valleys and Amazonian plains.

Despite having all the services to fully satisfy the demands from the enormous flow of tourists that visit it, the supply decreases in the provinces and surroundings, so we recommend you to get all your provisions in the department's capital.

Cusco is still an important regional center with a potential regarding both resources and its privileged position in ways and roads, where there is still a lot to be explored. Not only is Cusco significant due to its archaeological monuments but because of the richness of its land and people.

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