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PROVINCE OF URUBAMBA


Village of Urubamba
At 78 km to the northeast of the city of Cusco by the route towards Pisaq (about 1 hour 25 minutes by car). Another route is by Chinchero at 57km (about 45 minutes by car).
This town is in the heart of the Sacred Valley. During the prehispanic period, it was a very important agricultural center. Today, its economy is based on agriculture and tourism as it is one of the most welcoming areas of the valley.
It is situated in the heart of the Sacred Valley. It was another prehispanic agricultural center. A fertile and welcoming area where you can spend the night to participate in different excursions.
 
 
Province of
Acomayo
Province of
Canas
Province of
Canchis
Province of
Calca
Province of
La Convencion
Province of
Paucartambo
Province of
Quispicanchis
Province of
Urubamba
Location: at 78 km to the northeast of the city of Cusco by the route towards Pisaq (about 1 hour 25 minutes by car). Another route is by Chinchero at 57km (about 45 minutes by car).

Village of Chinchero (3772 m.a.s.l.)
At 28 km to the northeast of the city of Cusco (about 45 minutes by car). The most outstanding feature is its church built during the colony. Here we can admire the beautiful canvases of the Academy of Cusco. Sundays is a especial day for the people in Chinchero as peasants and traders meet to exchange their products using the "trueque" (exchange system). In this area we can also find important archaeological remains.
It is situated at 3772 m.a.s.l. It has an archaeological Inca Complex, a colonial church with paintings of the Academy of Cusco. On Sundays there is a typical market where they perform trueques.

Village of Maras
At 48 km to the northeast of the city of Cusco (about 1 hour by car).
It was an important village during the viceroy ship proved by the church and the big houses that still keep their coat of arms of the indian nobility in their facades. Currently, its main economic activity is agriculture.

Salt pools of Maras
At 10 km to the village of Maras (about 30 minutes by car or 2 hours on foot).
The salinas of Maras as it is also called are salt mines which are exploited since the Incas in the Tahuantinsuyo. People directed the salt water going out of the ground and take it to pools where , by Sun effects, it evaporates leaving salt in the surface. Then this salt is treated to be sold in the local market. The sight of the group of about three thousand pools is spectacular. People show their ancient techniques to the visitors and allow them to participate recollecting salt as well as in the andean rites and celebrations.
Pools of salt.- Famous mines of salt exploited since the Incas period up to the present using similar techniques.
(Location: 10 km to the village of Maras, about 30 minutes by car or 2 hours in foot).
Village of Maras.- It was a prosperous village during the colony as it has a church and several big houses whose facades show coat of arms of indian nobles. They perform agricultural and irrigation activities especially to sow and to crop.
(Location : 48 km to the northeast of the city of Cusco, about 1 hour by car).

Village of Moray
At 9 km to the northeast of the city of Maras (about 25 minutes by car)
This is an important center of agricultural experiments during the Incas period through the use of concentric terraces.
Village of Moray.- It has concentric terraces lightly elliptic. Experimental center of Inca agriculture. (Location: 9km to the northeast of the city of Maras, about 25 minutes by car).

Village of Yucay
Located in a warm and fertile valley. At 68 km to the north of the city of Cusco (about 1 hour and 30 minutes by car).
According to legends, it was a private property of the Inca Huayna Cápac. From ancient times it was considered as an important center of hydraulic technology and agriculture production. In this village we can admire the Palace of the Inca Manco Sayri Tupac Segundo.

Archaeological complex of Ollantaytambo
At 97 km to the northeast of the city of Cusco (about 2 hours and 30 minutes by car).
It was built during the Incas period as a fortified area composed by the temple, terraces, the urban area and the rest of the protecting walls. We can observe two sectors:
One is called "Araqama Ayllu": area related to worship and the religion, and "Qosqo Ayllu" : dedicated to join houses. Ollantaytambo was an important administrative center and was also probably a military center as its walls and towers prove it. Besides, there are remains of ancient paths and aqueducts. The town of Ollantaytambo is called "Live Inca Town" as its inhabitants live according to the customs and traditions inherited. From Ollantaytambo we can visit the village of Willoc whose mother tongue is still the Quechua and the use of red clothes identify them as member of a unique ayllu different to the rest of the region. It was a building used for the administrative and military control where its walls related to towers, paths, aqueducts and roads as well as red cave paintings are outstanding.



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