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SABACURINCA


Big astronomic observatories
In Cusco there was two big astronomic observatories: One in Cachimayo from where they observed the position of the Sun at the sunrise, and the other in Sabacurinca where they admired the sunset. Then they could determinate the date of the solstices, equinoxes and the pass of the Sun by the meridian of Cusco accurately.

It was a seat located in the side going down towards the Saphi river. From this point, they observed the sunset accurately among four towers found at the top of the hill Picchu. These groups of four towers, two high at the extremes and two small in the middle, were known with the generic name of Sucancas. According to the chronicler Cobo, the Sucancas that were used to observe the sunset were: Chinchicalla (on the same hill of Picchu) indicate the summer solstices and the celebration was the Capac Raymi. Quincalla, 800 meter far from there, indicated the winter solstices that celebrate the Inti Raymi. Sucanca, at the centre, indicated the equinoxes and the meridian of Cusco.
This happens only in two opportunities: February 14th and October 29th when the two columns do not offer shade at midday.



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