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TIPON


It is a National Archaeological Park located to the east of the city of Cusco. It covers a territory of about 2200 acres. It is found in the district of Oropesa, province of Quispicanchis. To get to the main archaeological monument it is 5 km (3 miles). The road starts from the kilometer 18 (11.2 mile) of the road Cusco-Puno to the north and crossing the creek of the "Watanay".

Half kilometer out of the paved road we find the small town of Tipon. It is part of the village of Quispicanchis that used to be property of San Lorenzo de los Valles in (1650- 1802). Without doubt this was the most important monument of the colonial time but today it is completely abandoned.

The original name in Quechua is unknown. You can admire several royal rooms that according Victor Angles were built by the Inca Wiracocha as a house and shelter for his father Yawar Wakaq who returned after the war against the Chankas.

This group of village is at 3500 meters (11480 feet). Besides there is a big area to cultivate with walls built with stones perfectly carved. Even more impressive is the system of the irrigation that is still used in agriculture.

The advantage is the water captured in the spring season. The river is channelled by some carved stones that have been accurately calculated, they sometimes form falls almost vertical composing an excellent hydraulic engineering work. Some of the fountains must have ceremonial purposes. Due to its location and the existence of a round wall, Tipon must have been a very exclusive place interdependent to other sectors such as "Intiwatana" to the west, "Pukutuyoq", "Pukara", "Hatun Wayk'o", etc. To the southeast of this group, in the mountainous surface almost vertical, we find the cemetery named as "Pitopuqyo" that today has plundered tombs. In this place, there were big quantities of cultural remains; currently we can find many broken ceramic pieces.


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